Monday, July 29, 2013


Monday, 29 July 2013  | BALANGIR | in Bhubaneswar
The Regional Centre for Development and Cooperation (RCDC), a civil society organisation, while welcoming the decision of the Union Ministry of Rural Development to allocate more Indira Awas houses for two of the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) namely Choktia-Bhunjia of Sunabeda sanctuary and the Dongrias of Niyamgiri, has expressed concern over the neglect of other vulnerable tribal groups like the Paharia tribe living in the Sunabeda sanctuary.
In a letter to Union Minister for Rural Development Jayram Ramesh, Bikash Rath of RCDC pointed out that the Paharia tribe which resides in the Sunabeda sanctuary in the Nuapada district of Odisha, has neither Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group (PVTG) status nor even ST (Schedule Tribe) status, although their counterparts in Chhattisgarh are enjoying the privilege.
The Paharia people make bamboo-ware. These days bamboos are not available in plenty in the sanctuary area because of unsustainable exploitation and hence, the tribals are facing an insecure livelihood. Unlike the Choktias, they are not well-organised socially and also maintain a low-profile. There have been several efforts in the past to help them get a PVTG status, or at least an ST status, but not in vain, Rath contended.
The Paharia tribe is much more vulnerable than the Choktia Bhunjia community requiring special attention such as allotment of IAY. The Government has tried to treat all PVTGs equally. However, some PVTGs are more vulnerable than others because of their poor anthropological/social nature and other practices. It is for this reason that the Juangs of Keonjhar are unable to raise their voices for their rights, and the Paudi Bhuyans of Sundargarh district also are unable to raise their voice properly against deprivation and injustice, he said. Rath argued that the conventional system of special implementation programme for the PVTGs has poorly succeeded for a variety of reasons. For upliftment of the Paharias and other such more vulnerable communities, special initiative is required, Rath said. 


  1. In my view Paharia tribe of Sunabeda is more primitive tribe than Chokotia Bhunjia. They are partially nomadic in nature and less organized than Chokotia Bhunjia. They depend upon forest for their livelihood. They comes down to shandies (Local Weekly market)of plain area from Sunabeda Plateau to sale bamboo products..They have special food habits.. such as AAM KHIA or mango eating and MACHH KHIA or fish eating .At the time of aam khia they collects mango from forest and use them as their prime food. They never sale mango collected by them. Similarly they make their temporary cottages near streams to catch fish in Maach khia season and use fish as their prime food. They are also expert in collection of honey..

  2. Thanks for your detailed comment